THE CUSTOMS POLICY OF THE STATE THROUGH THE PRISM OF INCENTIVES AND RESTRICTIONS

Authors

  • V. Tyschenko Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics;, Ukraine
  • O. E. Naydenko Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics, Ukraine
  • V. V. Karpova Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics, Ukraine
  • O. I. Omelchenko Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics;, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18371/fcaptp.v3i26.144262

Keywords:

the duty, customs affairs, customs policy, principles of customs affairs, the index efficiency of logistics, incentives and restrictions in customs taxation.

Abstract

The article examines the place of the customs policy in the state financial policy. It has been established that the state’s customs policy is interrelated with the tax and budget policy of the state, because at the expense of customs payments (which are tax payments), implementation of the revenue part of the budget of the country is ensured. Due to revenues to the budget, redistribution of funds to various directions of social and economic development of the state is ensured. It has been proved that tax and customs policies have different goals. The tax policy is aimed at replenishing the state budget, and customs policy — not only contributes to the replenishment of the budget, but also regulates the processes of export and import, protects national commodity producers. The existence of a legal conflict with the controlling bodies responsible for budget, tax and customs policy has been established. The norms of the law do not provide for a clear distribution of powers between the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine and the bodies of the State Fiscal Service of Ukraine. The list of existing customs principles has been improved by adding the principles of the obligation to pay customs payments; preferences; restrictions or prohibitions on import of goods into the customs territory of Ukraine; fiscal sufficiency; stability; implementation. The place of Ukraine in the ranking of logistics efficiency is analyzed. It is established that Ukraine lost 19 positions in terms of the value of the index of logistics efficiency over the past two years. On the basis of the analysis of the logistics efficiency index, it was established that the lowest indicators of Ukraine are related to the customs clearance of goods (130 place in the rating), simplicity and prices of the organization of deliveries (95th place in the rating); Competence and quality of service provision (95th place in the rating). Based on the analysis of the norms of the Customs Code of Ukraine, tools for stimulating and limiting the use of customs privileges are summarized. Stimulation is manifested in preferential terms of taxation (exemption from taxation, lower rates of duty, tariff quotas). Limitations are limited-term privileges; a list of goods that can be imported into the territory of Ukraine in a certain amount without payment of the duty; the need to confirm the use of goods that were imported on preferential terms).

Author Biographies

V. Tyschenko, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics;

Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor,

O. E. Naydenko, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics

Ph. D. in Economics, Associate Professor

V. V. Karpova, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics

Ph. D. in Economics, Lecturer

O. I. Omelchenko, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics;

Ph. D. in Economics, Lecturer,

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Published

2018-09-28

How to Cite

Tyschenko, V., Naydenko, O. E., Karpova, V. V., & Omelchenko, O. I. (2018). THE CUSTOMS POLICY OF THE STATE THROUGH THE PRISM OF INCENTIVES AND RESTRICTIONS. Financial and Credit Activity: Problems of Theory and Practice, 3(26), 256–267. https://doi.org/10.18371/fcaptp.v3i26.144262

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Section

The topical questions about the development of finance, account and audit