FINANCING OF HOUSING THROUGH REAL ESTATE FUNDS: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEGAL, TAX AND ACCOUNTING ASPECTS
Abstract. The article examines the processes of housing construction financing through the mechanism of creating funds for real estate transactions from the standpoint of legal and scientific-theoretical justification. The interrelation of legal, tax, and accounting aspects in the process of housing financing through real estate funds and the impact of the issuance of property certificates as equity instruments on the activities of managers of real estate funds are determined.
In the context of providing the housing with financial resources, the dynamics of the index of capital investment in housing construction and the commissioned area of residential real estate as indicators of housing development are analyzed in recent years in Ukraine.
It is determined that the current Ukrainian legislation provides five mechanisms of financing of housing construction: construction financing funds, housing cooperatives, real estate funds, mutual investment institutions, issuance of interest-free (target) bonds. However, not all of them are widely used. In the course of the research, it was established that real estate funds are created for the owners of certificates of this fund to receive income from real estate transactions. Certificates of the real estate fund, which the manager issues when creating such a fund, are securities that certify the right of its owner to receive income from investing in real estate transactions and are in their economic essence equity securities.
Emphasis is placed on the accounting aspect of such financing as the main source of financial information for managing the activities of the real estate fund. To improve the accounting and analytical support for the management of such a fund, the correspondence of accounts is proposed to reflect the typical business transactions related to the management of the property of the real estate fund.
Based on a critical analysis of the current domestic legislation, the tax consequences of the processes of housing construction financing through the mechanism of creating funds for real estate transactions are substantiated.
Keywords: financing, housing construction, real estate fund, objects of accounting, taxation.
JEL Classification G23, H25, L74, M41, R21
Formulas: 0; fig.: 2; tabl.: 1; bibl.: 22.
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Copyright (c) 2021 О. Карий, О. Грицай, П. Сороковий, Т. Хомуляк
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