THE INTERPLAY BETWEEN THE GLOBAL ISLAMIC FINANCE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH OF MUSLIM COUNTRIES
Abstract. The article discloses development peculiarities of the global Islamic financial industry and determines its interplay with the economic growth of Muslim countries. The aim of the article is to reveal current trends in key segments of the global Islamic finance market (Islamic banking, capital market and Iinsurance) and analyze the impact of each of them on the economic growth of the countries, which are most developed in the field of Islamic finance.
The countries surveyed were selected according to the Islamic Finance Development Indicator (IFDI), which reflects the general state of the Islamic financial industry worldwide and in each country. IFDI is based on five indicators: quantitative development (QD), knowledge, governance, corporate social responsibility (CSR) and awareness.
In 2019, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain, Indonesia, Malaysia and Saudi Arabia were the most developed countries in terms of Islamic finance. Examining the impact of different types of Islamic financial assets on the GDP of these Muslim countries, we used Eviews10 to conduct a regression analysis, which showed a positive relationship between GDP and only two types of assets, namely bank and Islamic bonds (sukuk). associated with significant volumes of these segments of the global Islamic financial market and the tradition of investing in key sectors of the economy.
We discovered the negative relationship between GDP and Islamic insurance (Takaful) in all countries studied, which can be explained by ineffective investment strategies of Islamic insurance companies, which suffer from low profitability and are unable to increase their assets in line with current trends in innovation and development. We also found the inverse relationship between Islamic funds and GDPs of the UAE, Malaysia and Saudi Arabia, which may be related to the distribution of financial resources from these countries to other parts of the world and investment cycles, including the waiting period before repatriation of profits and interest; the concentration of funds in major markets makes it impossible to scale their activities in the global market.
Keywords: Global islamic finance, Islamic banking, Islamic capital market, Sukuk, Islamic funds, Takaful, Economic growth.
JEL Classification G15, O43, O53, Z12
Formulas: 1; fig.: 1; tabl.: 5; bibl.: 20.
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Copyright (c) 2021 A. Баторшина , В. Токар, Л. Колінець , Л. Сибирка, O. Альмарашді
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