ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AS A TOOL FOR PROVIDING RESILIENCE OF THE SEA PORT
Abstract. It is proved the importance of environmental management to ensure sustainable development of the port. Based on the study of academic literature, the factors of external and internal environment that determine the need for the development of environmental management are identified. A generalized model of the environmental management system is proposed and the need to introduce a rational management system at all levels of port management is emphasized. It is emphasized that the problem of developing a system of ecological and economic model of management and decision making requires the use of theory and methods of modern information technology, as well as methods of adaptive and intelligent management of port processes in real time based on a set of technological and economic and environmental criteria. It is offered the general principle of formation of the combined criteria of management on all levels of hierarchy according to decomposition of management system structure of a production function and at the account of both economic and ecological parameters. A system-wide generalized technological, economic and environmental criterion for management and decision-making has been developed, which includes both qualitative and quantitative characteristics of services and environmental parameters of pollutants. For all technological and transport processes the local control criteria corresponding to the general system criterion on observations of technological and ecological parameters are received. Variants of criteria of operative management of operational function of port are developed. It is emphasized that the specific choice of quality criteria is determined by many factors, such as the specifics of the problem, the nature and complexity of the object, the simplicity and feasibility of the proposed algorithms. Relevant principles are given for the selection of the appropriate criterion. The concept of ecological management of port’s operational function is formulated.
Keywords: environmental management, environmental criteria, seaport, management system, management principles.
JEL Classification M11
Formulas: 29; fig.: 2; tabl.: 0; bibl.: 24.
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Copyright (c) 2021 I. Барський , М. Макаренко, С. Гусаков, А. Kalinina, Р. Устинов
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