DIRECTIONS OF OFFENSE PREVENTION IN THE STOCK MARKET OF UKRAINE
Abstract. The article considers the legislative and regulatory documents which outline the features of detecting offenses in the stock market of Ukraine. The main offenses in the domestic stock market have been formed, and the subjects, objects and types of sanctions for offenses have been considered. It is determined that the main body in the field of detection and prevention of stock market violations is the National Securities and Stock Market Commission (NSSMC), which considers cases of offenses, regulates the activities of issuers and financial intermediaries, prepares reports on stock market operations, carries out licensing of professional participants and provides cooperation with state institutions, state and local authorities in the field of crime prevention. An analysis of offenses in the stock market of Ukraine during 2017—2019 has been carried out. The main directions of stock market offenses prevention are outlined, namely: imposition of financial sanctions, revocation or suspension of licenses of professional participants, issuance of orders and resolutions, increase of fines in the stock market, prevention of price manipulation. Proposals were made to improve the activities of the Stock market infrastructure development agency, in particular to form a single complete and detailed base of issuers, professional participants, offenses, foreign investors and large securities holders. It is proposed to reduce violations in the stock market through active cooperation with the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO). In general, we can conclude that there is no critical situation in the field of offenses in the stock market of Ukraine, as evidenced by analytical studies.
Keywords: offenses, stock market, license, issuer, professional market participants, National Securities and Stock Market Commission.
JEL Classification G18, K22, K40, K49
Formulas: 0; fig.: 4; tabl.: 0; bibl.: 16.
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Copyright (c) 2021 M. Бліхар, В. Вовк, Н. Шевченко, Т. Коханюк, З. Добош
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