THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL BASIS OF THE INTERACTION PROCESS RESEARCH OF SUBJECTS OF DIFFERENT ECONOMIC AND LEGAL FORMS OF ECONOMY
Abstract. This article proposes to consider cooperation as a process of cooperation and interaction of subjects of different economic and legal forms of management, in order to comprehensively analyze various aspects of this concept and on this basis formulates the author’s content — interpretation of this category. In particular, in the article authors, highlighted some aspects of the interpretation of «cooperation» that most authors pay attention when exploring this concept. Firstly, the allocation of the economic meaning of cooperation, while paying attention to the disclosure of one of its most important characteristics — saving resources through their shared use. Secondly, consideration of the organizational and managerial aspect, which leads to the fact that the cooperation is formed primarily with the purpose of organizing the process of cooperation of many subjects of market relations for the realization of tasks both for the production of goods (industrial cooperation) and for the provision of services or various financial — credit operations (credit cooperation). Thirdly, by paying attention to the social attributes of the cooperative, where the main characteristic is joint socio-public mutual assistance in the process of achieving the goal. Depending on these aspects and characteristics of cooperation, the authors analyzed the existing approaches to defining the concept of «cooperation» as a process of cooperation and interaction of subjects of different economic and legal forms of economic activity, proposed by both domestic and foreign scientists. The authors outline the main characteristics of the content of «cooperation». The article also describes the author’s interpretation of the concept of cooperation in a broad sense. The defining meaning of the concept of «co-operation» is the system, since cooperation is an important system-forming element of socio-economic relations. If we treat the system as a set of interrelated elements, then the cooperative should be perceived as a system that connects certain elements, components to solve the common goal. Of course, cooperation should be seen as a rather complex concept, because it covers the whole system socially economic relations, including various legal and moral aspects. In addition, cooperation is a special system of harmonization of interests and in which the spirit of justice, corporate spirit, collectivity and corporate spirit are laid.Cooperation is a specific integrating, synthesizing, structural, system-forming element of the system of socio-economic relations, which aims to provide integration and interaction of subjects of different economic and legal forms of management common goal while minimizing costs. We believe that this concept should be understood broadly.The article states a clear distinction between the concepts of cooperation and cooperative, which are often identified in practice.
Keywords: cooperative, production cooperation, labor cooperation, cooperation, system-forming element, emergence effect, synergistic effect.
JEL Classification B49, L10
Formulas: 0; fig.: 1; tabl.: 0; bibl.: 13.
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Copyright (c) 2021 М. Політило, О. Чубка, T. Смірнова
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