RATIONAL NATURE MANAGEMENT AS A COMPONENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY: ECONOMIC AND LEGAL ASPECTS
Abstract. The article deals with the analysis of economic and legal aspects of rational nature management as a component of ecological safety. The ecological problems of the current state of the natural environment of the country are analyzed. It is stated that environmental security is one of the most important components of national security of Ukraine, which depends on the rational use and reproduction of natural resources. The concept of rational nature management is formulated, the concept consists in the sphere of production and scientific activity aimed at the study, development, protection and transformation of nature in order to ensure favorable conditions for human life. It was found out that the rational use of nature necessarily involves the economic and legal component, which lies in getting the most out of economic and other activities in the use of natural resources at economically reasonable costs. The concept of economic and legal mechanism of nature management is defined, which is enshrined in the system of economic and legal measures, incentives and other regulators aimed at ensuring environmental protection, environmental safety and organization of rational nature management and is based on the concept of payment for the use of natural resources, introduction of economic and legal responsibility. Proposals have been formulated as for the implementationof additional measures of fiscal regulationof nature use by Ukraine, granting tax benefits to enterprises implementing relevant environmental protection programs, insurance of environmental risks.
Key words: ecological safety, rational nature use, economic and legal mechanism, legal regulation, environment, norms of law.
JEL Classification К32
Formuls: 0; fig.: 0; tabl.: 3; bibl.: 23.
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Copyright (c) 2021 О. Баїк, Л. Ярмол, М. Сірант, Г. Попадинець, Н. Стецюк
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